Pakistan is a federation of four provinces (Punjab, Sind, Khyber Pakhtoon, Khawa and Baluchistan), a capital territory Islamabad and federally and provincially administered tribal areas, Gilgit-Balistan and Azad Jammu & Kashmir.
With 1000 km of coastline in the south, Pakistan covers over 796,000 sq.km and has a population of a little more than132 million, according to the latest population census (1998.)
Seventy per cent of the population earns a living from the land. Agriculture contributes nearly 21% to gross domestic product and generates 43% of all jobs.
Over 30 million people in rural areas derive their livelihood from livestock production.
The number of impoverished communities moving from the country to find work in Pakistan’s towns and cities is rising. Many of these people rely on working equine animals to earn a living.
Equines in Pakistan
In Pakistan, the number of working equine animals is rising, while the standard of living for many people is falling.
According to the government, there are now 4.8 million working equines in Pakistan - 4.26 million donkeys, 340,000 horses and 150,000 mules. Over the past ten years, the population of mules has risen by 18%, donkeys by 20% and horses by 3%.
Due to high petrol prices, marginalised communities use these animals as a cheap and economical means of transport and theanimals play a key role in earning money for their owners and families.
For detailed info please visit www.pakistan.gov.pk